A clone of the arcade game Stacker https://pypi.org/project/slacker-game/
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# A clone of the arcade game Stacker
# Copyright (C) 2007 Clint Herron
# Copyright (C) 2017-2020 Nguyễn Gia Phong
#
# This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
# the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or
# (at your option) any later version.
#
# This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
# GNU General Public License for more details.
#
# You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
# along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
"""A clone of the arcade game Stacker"""
from __future__ import annotations
from contextlib import ExitStack, redirect_stdout
from importlib.resources import path
from io import StringIO
from math import cos, pi
from random import randrange
from typing import List, Optional
with redirect_stdout(StringIO()): import pygame
from pygame import (K_0, K_1, K_9, K_ESCAPE, K_SPACE, KEYDOWN,
QUIT, K_q, Rect, draw, event, image)
from pygame.display import flip, set_caption, set_icon, set_mode
from pygame.font import Font
from pygame.surface import Surface
from pygame.time import get_ticks
__version__ = '2.1.1'
TANGO = {'Butter': ((252, 233, 79), (237, 212, 0), (196, 160, 0)),
'Orange': ((252, 175, 62), (245, 121, 0), (206, 92, 0)),
'Chocolate': ((233, 185, 110), (193, 125, 17), (143, 89, 2)),
'Chameleon': ((138, 226, 52), (115, 210, 22), (78, 154, 6)),
'Sky Blue': ((114, 159, 207), (52, 101, 164), (32, 74, 135)),
'Plum': ((173, 127, 168), (117, 80, 123), (92, 53, 102)),
'Scarlet Red': ((239, 41, 41), (204, 0, 0), (164, 0, 0)),
'Aluminium': ((238, 238, 236), (211, 215, 207), (186, 189, 182),
(136, 138, 133), (85, 87, 83), (46, 52, 54))}
BG_COLOR = TANGO['Aluminium'][5]
COLOR_MAJOR = TANGO['Scarlet Red']
COLOR_MINOR = TANGO['Sky Blue']
MAJOR = 5
INTRO, PLAYING, LOSE, WIN = range(4)
MAX_WIDTH = (1,)*7 + (2,)*5 + (3,)*3
WIN_LEVEL = 15
SCREEN_SIZE = SCREEN_WIDTH, SCREEN_HEIGHT = 280, 600
BOARD_SIZE = BOARD_WIDTH, BOARD_HEIGHT = 7, 15
TILE_SIZE = 40
MAX_SPEED, WIN_SPEED, SPEED_DIFF = 70, 100, 5
INIT_SPEED = MAX_SPEED + (BOARD_HEIGHT + 1)*SPEED_DIFF
class SlackerTile:
"""SlackerTile(x, y) -> SlackerTile
Slacker object for storing tiles.
"""
def __init__(self, screen: Surface,
x: float, y: float, state: int = PLAYING,
missed_time: Optional[int] = None) -> None:
self.screen, self.x, self.y = screen, x, y
if state == LOSE:
self.dim = 1
elif missed_time is None:
self.dim = 0
else:
self.dim = 2
self.missed_time = missed_time
self.wiggle = state in (INTRO, WIN)
def get_xoffset(self, maxoffset: float, duration: int = 820) -> float:
"""Return the offset on x-axis for wiggling oscillation.
The oscillation's cycle can be specified
in milliseconds as duration.
"""
if not self.wiggle: return 0
return maxoffset * cos((get_ticks()/duration+self.y/BOARD_HEIGHT)*pi)
def get_yoffset(self) -> float:
"""Return the offset on y-axis when the tile is falling."""
if self.missed_time is None: return 0
return (get_ticks()-self.missed_time)**2 / 25000
def isfallen(self) -> bool:
"""Return if the tile has fallen off the screen."""
return self.y + self.get_yoffset() > BOARD_HEIGHT
def draw(self, max_x_offset: float = 2.0) -> None:
"""Draw the tile."""
if self.y < MAJOR:
color = COLOR_MAJOR
else:
color = COLOR_MINOR
rect = Rect((self.x+self.get_xoffset(max_x_offset))*TILE_SIZE,
(self.y+self.get_yoffset())*TILE_SIZE,
TILE_SIZE, TILE_SIZE)
draw.rect(self.screen, color[self.dim], rect)
draw.rect(self.screen, BG_COLOR, rect, TILE_SIZE//11)
class Slacker:
"""Game object."""
def __init__(self, restart: bool = False) -> None:
self.exit_stack = ExitStack()
self.font = self.data('VT323-Regular.ttf')
self.board = [[False]*BOARD_WIDTH for h in range(BOARD_HEIGHT)]
self.game_state = PLAYING if restart else INTRO
self.falling_tiles: List[SlackerTile] = []
self.speed = INIT_SPEED + randrange(5)
self.speed_ratio = 1.0
self.width = MAX_WIDTH[-1]
self.y = BOARD_HEIGHT - 1
def __enter__(self) -> Slacker:
pygame.init()
set_caption('Slacker')
set_icon(image.load(self.data('icon.png')))
self.screen = set_mode(SCREEN_SIZE)
return self
def __exit__(self, *exc) -> None:
pygame.quit()
self.exit_stack.close()
def data(self, resource: str) -> str:
"""Return a true filesystem path for specified resource."""
return str(self.exit_stack.enter_context(
path('slacker_game', resource)))
def draw_text(self, string: str, height: float):
"""Width-fit the string in the screen on the given height."""
font = Font(self.font, int(SCREEN_WIDTH*2.5/(len(string)+1)))
text = font.render(string, False, COLOR_MINOR[0])
self.screen.blit(text, ((SCREEN_WIDTH - text.get_width()) // 2,
int(SCREEN_HEIGHT * height)))
def intro(self) -> None:
"""Draw the intro screen."""
for i in [(2, 2), (3, 2), (4, 2), (1.5, 3), (4.5, 3),
(1.5, 4), (2, 5), (3, 5), (4, 5), (4.5, 6),
(1.5, 7), (4.5, 7), (2, 8), (3, 8), (4, 8)]:
SlackerTile(self.screen, *i, state=INTRO).draw(1.5)
if get_ticks() // 820 % 2:
self.draw_text('Press Spacebar', 0.75)
def draw_board(self) -> None:
"""Draw the board and the tiles inside."""
for y, row in enumerate(self.board):
for x, block in enumerate(row):
if block:
SlackerTile(self.screen, x, y, self.game_state).draw()
# Draw the falling tiles
for ft in self.falling_tiles:
if ft.isfallen():
self.falling_tiles.remove(ft)
else:
ft.draw()
def update_screen(self) -> None:
"""Draw the whole screen and everything inside."""
self.screen.fill(BG_COLOR)
if self.game_state == INTRO:
self.intro()
elif self.game_state in (PLAYING, LOSE, WIN):
self.draw_board()
flip()
def update_movement(self) -> None:
"""Update the direction the blocks are moving in."""
speed = self.speed * self.speed_ratio
positions = BOARD_WIDTH + self.width - 2
p = int(round(get_ticks()/speed)) % (positions*2)
self.x = (-p % positions if p > positions else p) - self.width + 1
self.board[self.y] = [0 <= x - self.x < self.width
for x in range(BOARD_WIDTH)]
def key_hit(self) -> None:
"""Handle block-stacking event.
Process the current position of the blocks, relative to the ones
underneath when user hit the switch, then decide if the user
will win, lose or go to the next level of the tower.
"""
if self.y < BOARD_HEIGHT - 1:
for x in range(max(0, self.x),
min(self.x+self.width, BOARD_WIDTH)):
if self.board[self.y + 1][x]: continue
# If there isn't any block underneath,
# get rid of the block not standing on solid ground
self.board[self.y][x] = False
# Then, add that falling block to falling_tiles
self.falling_tiles.append(SlackerTile(
self.screen, x, self.y, missed_time=get_ticks()))
self.width = sum(self.board[self.y])
if not self.width:
self.game_state = LOSE
elif not self.y:
self.game_state = WIN
else:
self.y -= 1
self.width = min(self.width, MAX_WIDTH[self.y])
self.speed = MAX_SPEED + self.y*SPEED_DIFF + randrange(5)
def handle_intro(self) -> bool:
"""Handle events in intro."""
for e in event.get():
if e.type == QUIT: return False
if e.type != KEYDOWN: continue
if e.key in (K_ESCAPE, K_q): return False
if e.key == K_SPACE: self.game_state = PLAYING
return True
def handle_playing(self) -> bool:
"""Handle events in game."""
for e in event.get():
if e.type == QUIT: return False
if e.type != KEYDOWN: continue
if e.key == K_SPACE:
self.key_hit()
elif e.key in (K_ESCAPE, K_q):
Slacker.__init__(self)
# Yes, these are cheats.
elif e.key == K_0:
self.width += self.width < BOARD_WIDTH
elif K_1 <= e.key <= K_9 + 1:
self.speed_ratio = (K_9-e.key+1) / 5.0
self.update_movement()
return True
def handle_ending(self) -> bool:
"""Handle events in ending screens."""
for e in event.get():
if e.type == QUIT: return False
if e.type == KEYDOWN: Slacker.__init__(self, restart=True)
return True
def handle_events(self) -> bool:
"""Handle queued events."""
if self.game_state == INTRO: return self.handle_intro()
if self.game_state == PLAYING: return self.handle_playing()
if self.game_state in (LOSE, WIN): return self.handle_ending()
return False