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Ahrenn Sivananthan 3 months ago
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| ๐Ÿ–น | ๐Ÿ–ผ |
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| โ€œThe Great Cloudwallโ€์€ ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ํšŒ์‚ฌ ์ธ Cloudflare Inc.์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.CDN (Content Delivery Network) ์„œ๋น„์Šค, DDoS ์™„ํ™”, ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท ๋ณด์•ˆ, ๋ถ„์‚ฐ DNS (๋„๋ฉ”์ธ ์ด๋ฆ„ ์„œ๋ฒ„) ์„œ๋น„์Šค๋ฅผ ์ œ๊ณตํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cloudflaredearuser.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” ์„ธ๊ณ„์—์„œ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ํฐ MITM ํ”„๋ก์‹œ (์—ญ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ ํ”„๋ก์‹œ)์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋Š” CDN ์‹œ์žฅ ์ ์œ ์œจ์˜ 80 % ์ด์ƒ์„ ์†Œ์œ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ Cloudflare ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž ์ˆ˜๋Š” ๋งค์ผ ์ฆ๊ฐ€ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋„คํŠธ์›Œํฌ๋ฅผ 100 ๊ฐœ ์ด์ƒ์˜ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋กœ ํ™•์žฅํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋Š” Twitter, Amazon, Apple, Instagram, Bing ๋ฐ Wikipedia๋ฅผ ํ•ฉ์นœ ๊ฒƒ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋” ๋งŽ์€ ์›น ํŠธ๋ž˜ํ”ฝ์„ ์ œ๊ณตํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋Š” ๋ฌด๋ฃŒ ์š”๊ธˆ์ œ๋ฅผ ์ œ๊ณตํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ์„œ๋ฒ„๋ฅผ ์˜ฌ๋ฐ”๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ๊ตฌ์„ฑํ•˜๋Š” ๋Œ€์‹  ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ํŽธ์˜๋ณด๋‹ค ํ”„๋ผ์ด๋ฒ„์‹œ๋ฅผ ๊ตํ™˜ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cfmarketshare.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž์™€ ์›๋ณธ ์›น ์„œ๋ฒ„ ์‚ฌ์ด์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๊ตญ๊ฒฝ ์ˆœ์ฐฐ ์š”์›์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ์ž‘๋™ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์„ ํƒํ•œ ๋ชฉ์ ์ง€์— ์—ฐ๊ฒฐํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare์— ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ ์ค‘์ด๋ฉฐ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ •๋ณด๊ฐ€ ํ•ด๋…๋˜๊ณ  ์ฆ‰์‹œ ์ „๋‹ฌ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflaro havas tutmondan vidon en la trafikon de la interreto kaj ili observas la trafikon fluanta al kaj de ili kontinue. | ![](../image/border_patrol.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” ์„ธ๊ณ„์—์„œ ๊ฐ€์žฅ ํฐ MITM ํ”„๋ก์‹œ (์—ญ๋ฐฉํ–ฅ ํ”„๋ก์‹œ)์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋Š” CDN ์‹œ์žฅ ์ ์œ ์œจ์˜ 80% ์ด์ƒ์„ ์†Œ์œ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ Cloudflare ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž ์ˆ˜๋Š” ๋งค์ผ ์ฆ๊ฐ€ํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ๋„คํŠธ์›Œํฌ๋ฅผ 100 ๊ฐœ ์ด์ƒ์˜ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€๋กœ ํ™•์žฅํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋Š” Twitter, Amazon, Apple, Instagram, Bing ๋ฐ Wikipedia๋ฅผ ํ•ฉ์นœ ๊ฒƒ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋” ๋งŽ์€ ์›น ํŠธ๋ž˜ํ”ฝ์„ ์ œ๊ณตํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋Š” ๋ฌด๋ฃŒ ์š”๊ธˆ์ œ๋ฅผ ์ œ๊ณตํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ์„œ๋ฒ„๋ฅผ ์˜ฌ๋ฐ”๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ๊ตฌ์„ฑํ•˜๋Š” ๋Œ€์‹  ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๊ทธ๋“ค์€ ํŽธ์˜๋ณด๋‹ค ํ”„๋ผ์ด๋ฒ„์‹œ๋ฅผ ๊ตํ™˜ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cfmarketshare.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž์™€ ์›๋ณธ ์›น ์„œ๋ฒ„ ์‚ฌ์ด์— ์œ„์น˜ํ•˜๋ฉฐ ๊ตญ๊ฒฝ ์ˆœ์ฐฐ ์š”์›์ฒ˜๋Ÿผ ์ž‘๋™ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์„ ํƒํ•œ ๋ชฉ์ ์ง€์— ์—ฐ๊ฒฐํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare์— ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ ์ค‘์ด๋ฉฐ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ •๋ณด๊ฐ€ ํ•ด๋…๋˜๊ณ  ์ฆ‰์‹œ ์ „๋‹ฌ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. CloudFlare๋Š” ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท์˜ ๊ตํ†ต๋Ÿ‰์—์„œ ์„ธ๊ณ„์ ์ธ ๊ฒฌํ•ด๋ฅผ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ์ง€์†์ ์œผ๋กœ ํ๋ฅด๋Š” ํŠธ๋ž˜ํ”ฝ์„ ๊ด€์ฐฐํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/border_patrol.jpg) |
| ์›๋ณธ ์›น ์„œ๋ฒ„ ๊ด€๋ฆฌ์ž๋Š” ์—์ด์ „ํŠธ (Cloudflare)๊ฐ€ "์›น ์†์„ฑ"์— ์•ก์„ธ์Šค ํ•  ์ˆ˜์žˆ๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์„ ๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๊ณ  "์ œํ•œ ์˜์—ญ"์„ ์ •์˜ํ•˜๋„๋ก ํ—ˆ์šฉํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/usershoulddecide.jpg) |
| ์˜ฌ๋ฐ”๋ฅธ ์ด๋ฏธ์ง€๋ฅผ ์‚ดํŽด๋ณด์‹ญ์‹œ์˜ค.Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ ๋งŒ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ํ•ญ์ƒ ์˜จ๋ผ์ธ์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ค‘๋‹จ๋˜์ง€ ์•Š์Œ).ํ•ฉ๋ฒ•์  ์ธ ๋ด‡๊ณผ ํฌ๋กค๋Ÿฌ๊ฐ€ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์˜ ์ƒ‰์ธ์„ ์ƒ์„ฑ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/howcfwork.jpg) |
| ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ „ํ˜€ ์‚ฌ์‹ค์ด ์•„๋‹™๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋Š” ์ด์œ ์—†์ด ๋ฌด๊ณ ํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์„ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค์šด ๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋Š” ํ•ฉ๋ฒ•์  ์ธ ๋ด‡์„ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cfdowncfcom.jpg) |
| ์˜ฌ๋ฐ”๋ฅธ ์ด๋ฏธ์ง€๋ฅผ ์‚ดํŽด๋ณด์‹ญ์‹œ์˜ค. Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ๋‚˜์œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ ๋งŒ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ํ•ญ์ƒ ์˜จ๋ผ์ธ์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (์ ˆ๋Œ€ ์ค‘๋‹จ๋˜์ง€ ์•Š์Œ).ํ•ฉ๋ฒ•์  ์ธ ๋ด‡๊ณผ ํฌ๋กค๋Ÿฌ๊ฐ€ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์˜ ์ƒ‰์ธ์„ ์ƒ์„ฑ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/howcfwork.jpg) |
| ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ์ „ํ˜€ ์‚ฌ์‹ค์ด ์•„๋‹™๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋Š” ์ด์œ ์—†์ด ๋ฌด๊ณ ํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์„ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค์šด ๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋Š” ํ•ฉ๋ฒ•์  ์ธ ๋ด‡์„ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cfdowncfcom.jpg) |
| ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ํ˜ธ์ŠคํŒ… ์„œ๋น„์Šค์™€ ๋งˆ์ฐฌ๊ฐ€์ง€๋กœ Cloudflare๋Š” ์™„๋ฒฝํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์›๋ณธ ์„œ๋ฒ„๊ฐ€ ์ž˜ ์ž‘๋™ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ์—๋„์ด ํ™”๋ฉด์ด ํ‘œ์‹œ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cfdown2019.jpg) |
| ์ •๋ง Cloudflare์˜ ๊ฐ€๋™ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด 100 %๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜์‹ญ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ?Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ๋ช‡ ๋ฒˆ ๋‹ค์šด๋˜๋Š”์ง€ ์ „ํ˜€ ๋ชจ๋ฆ…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค์šด๋˜๋ฉด ๊ณ ๊ฐ์ด ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์— ์•ก์„ธ์Šค ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cloudflareinternalerror.jpg)<br>![](../image/cloudflareoutage-2020.jpg) |
| ์ •๋ง Cloudflare์˜ ๊ฐ€๋™ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด 100%๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•˜์‹ญ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ?Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ๋ช‡ ๋ฒˆ ๋‹ค์šด๋˜๋Š”์ง€ ์ „ํ˜€ ๋ชจ๋ฆ…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ๋‹ค์šด๋˜๋ฉด ๊ณ ๊ฐ์ด ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์— ์•ก์„ธ์Šค ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cloudflareinternalerror.jpg)<br>![](../image/cloudflareoutage-2020.jpg) |
| ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ์›น ์ฝ˜ํ…์ธ  (์ฆ‰, ์ค‘๊ตญ ๋ณธํ† ์˜ ๋ชจ๋“  ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๊ณผ ์™ธ๋ถ€์˜ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ)๋ฅผ ๋ณด๋Š” ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์œผ๋กœ๋ถ€ํ„ฐ ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์„ ๊ฑธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚ด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ๊ณผ ์œ ์‚ฌํ•œ ์ž‘์—…์„ ์ˆ˜ํ–‰ํ•˜๋Š” ์ค‘๊ตญ์˜ ๋งŒ๋ฆฌ ๋ฐฉํ™”๋ฒฝ๊ณผ ๊ด€๋ จํ•˜์—ฌ ๋ถˆ๋ฆฝ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๋™์‹œ์— ์˜ํ–ฅ์„๋ฐ›์ง€ ์•Š์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ์›น์„ ๋ณด์ง€๋งŒโ€œํƒฑํฌ ๋งจโ€์˜ ์ด๋ฏธ์ง€์™€โ€œ์ฒœ์•ˆ๋ฌธ ๊ด‘์žฅ ์‹œ์œ„โ€์˜ ์—ญ์‚ฌ์™€ ๊ฐ™์€ ๊ฒ€์—ด์ด์—†๋Š” ์›น์„ ๋ณด๊ฒŒ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cloudflarechina.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” ํฐ ํž˜์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์–ด๋–ค ์˜๋ฏธ์—์„œ๋Š” ์ตœ์ข… ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๊ฐ€ ๊ถ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋ณด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ œ์–ดํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ํƒ์ƒ‰ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/onemorestep.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” ํฐ ํž˜์„ ๊ฐ€์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์–ด๋–ค ์˜๋ฏธ์—์„œ๋Š” ์ตœ์ข… ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๊ฐ€ ๊ถ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋ณด๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ์ œ์–ดํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ํƒ์ƒ‰ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/onemorestep.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” ๊ฒ€์—ด์— ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/accdenied.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ๋ด‡์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ์ƒ๊ฐํ•  ์ˆ˜์žˆ๋Š” ๋งˆ์ด๋„ˆ ๋ธŒ๋ผ์šฐ์ €๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ cloudflared ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋ณผ ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์ด ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ธฐ ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์—). | ![](../image/cfublock.jpg) |
| ์ž๋ฐ” ์Šคํฌ๋ฆฝํŠธ๋ฅผ ํ™œ์„ฑํ™”ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์œผ๋ฉด์ด ์นจ์ž…์ ์ธ "๋ธŒ๋ผ์šฐ์ € ๊ฒ€์‚ฌ"๋ฅผ ํ†ต๊ณผ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ๋‹น์‹ ์˜ ์†Œ์ค‘ํ•œ ์‚ถ์˜ 5 ์ดˆ (๋˜๋Š” ๊ทธ ์ด์ƒ)์˜ ๋‚ญ๋น„์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/omsjsck.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” ๋˜ํ•œ Google, Yandex, Yacy ๋ฐ API ํด๋ผ์ด์–ธํŠธ์™€ ๊ฐ™์€ ํ•ฉ๋ฒ•์  ์ธ ๋กœ๋ด‡ / ํฌ๋กค๋Ÿฌ๋ฅผ ์ž๋™์œผ๋กœ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋Š” ํ•ฉ๋ฒ•์  ์ธ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ ๋ด‡์„ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•  ๋ชฉ์ ์œผ๋กœ "cloudflare ์šฐํšŒ"์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ๋ฅผ ์ ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋ชจ๋‹ˆํ„ฐ๋งํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cftestgoogle.jpg)<br>![](../image/htmlalertcloudflare2.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” ๋˜ํ•œ Google, Yandex, Yacy ๋ฐ API ํด๋ผ์ด์–ธํŠธ์™€ ๊ฐ™์€ ํ•ฉ๋ฒ•์  ์ธ ๋กœ๋ด‡ / ํฌ๋กค๋Ÿฌ๋ฅผ ์ž๋™์œผ๋กœ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋Š” ํ•ฉ๋ฒ•์  ์ธ ์—ฐ๊ตฌ ๋ด‡์„ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•  ๋ชฉ์ ์œผ๋กœ "cloudflare ์šฐํšŒ"์ปค๋ฎค๋‹ˆํ‹ฐ๋ฅผ ์ ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋ชจ๋‹ˆํ„ฐ๋งํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cftestgoogle.jpg)<br>![](../image/htmlalertcloudflare2.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” ๋งˆ์ฐฌ๊ฐ€์ง€๋กœ ์—ฌ๋Ÿฌ ์ด๋ฏธ์ง€ CAPTCHA๋ฅผ ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ํ•œ ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ ์ƒํƒœ๊ฐ€ ์ข‹์ง€ ์•Š์€ ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ๊ทธ ๋’ค์—์žˆ๋Š” ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์— ์•ก์„ธ์Šคํ•˜์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๋„๋ก ๋ฐฉ์ง€ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค (์˜ˆ : 7 ๊ฐœ ์ด์ƒ์˜ NAT ๋ ˆ์ด์–ด ๋’ค์— ์žˆ๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๊ณต์šฉ Wifi์™€ ๊ฐ™์€ ๋™์ผํ•œ IP๋ฅผ ๊ณต์œ  ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Œ).๊ฒฝ์šฐ์— ๋”ฐ๋ผ Google์„ ๋งŒ์กฑ์‹œํ‚ค๋Š” ๋ฐ 10 ~ 30 ๋ถ„์ด ์†Œ์š”๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/googlerecaptcha.jpg) |
| 2020 ๋…„์— Cloudflare๋Š” Google์ด ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋ฃŒ๋ฅผ ์ฒญ๊ตฌ ํ•  ์˜ˆ์ •์ด๋ฏ€๋กœ Google์˜ Recaptcha์—์„œ hCaptcha๋กœ ์ „ํ™˜ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋Š” ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ๊ท€ํ•˜์˜ ๊ฐœ์ธ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ์ค‘์š”ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋งํ–ˆ์ง€๋งŒ ( "๊ฐœ์ธ ์ •๋ณด ๋ณดํ˜ธ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅผ ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ๋„์›€์ด๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค") ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ๋ชจ๋‘ ๋ˆ์— ๊ด€ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค."hCaptcha๋Š” ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๊ฐ€ ๋ด‡ ๋ฐ ๊ธฐํƒ€ ํ˜•ํƒœ์˜ ๋‚จ์šฉ์„ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์š”๊ตฌ์— ๋ถ€์‘ํ•˜๋Š” ์ˆ˜์ต์„ ์ฐฝ์ถœ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋„๋กํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค." | ![](../image/fedup_fucking_hcaptcha.jpg)<br>![](../image/hcaptchablockchain.jpg) |
| 2020 ๋…„์— Cloudflare๋Š” Google์ด ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋ฃŒ๋ฅผ ์ฒญ๊ตฌ ํ•  ์˜ˆ์ •์ด๋ฏ€๋กœ Google์˜ Recaptcha์—์„œ hCaptcha๋กœ ์ „ํ™˜ํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋Š” ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ๊ท€ํ•˜์˜ ๊ฐœ์ธ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ์ค‘์š”ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋งํ–ˆ์ง€๋งŒ ( "๊ฐœ์ธ ์ •๋ณด ๋ณดํ˜ธ ๋ฌธ์ œ๋ฅผ ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ๋„์›€์ด๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค") ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ๋ถ„๋ช…ํžˆ ๊ฑฐ์ง“๋ง์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์€ ๋ชจ๋‘ ๋ˆ์— ๊ด€ํ•œ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค."hCaptcha๋Š” ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๊ฐ€ ๋ด‡ ๋ฐ ๊ธฐํƒ€ ํ˜•ํƒœ์˜ ๋‚จ์šฉ์„ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์š”๊ตฌ์— ๋ถ€์‘ํ•˜๋Š” ์ˆ˜์ต์„ ์ฐฝ์ถœ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋„๋กํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค." | ![](../image/fedup_fucking_hcaptcha.jpg)<br>![](../image/hcaptchablockchain.jpg) |
| ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž์˜ ๊ด€์ ์—์„œ ์ด๊ฒƒ์€ ๋งŽ์ด ๋ณ€ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋‹น์‹ ์€ ๊ทธ๊ฒƒ์„ ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•ด์•ผํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/hcaptcha_abrv.jpg)<br>![](../image/hcaptcha_chrome.jpg) |
| ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๊ณผ ์†Œํ”„ํŠธ์›จ์–ด๊ฐ€ ๋งค์ผ Cloudflare์— ์˜ํ•ด ์ฐจ๋‹จ๋˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/omsnote.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” ์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„์˜ ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์„ ๊ดด๋กญ ํž™๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๋ชฉ๋ก์„ ์‚ดํŽด๋ณด๊ณ  ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์— Cloudflare๋ฅผ ์ฑ„ํƒํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž ๊ฒฝํ—˜์— ์ข‹์€์ง€ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•ด๋ณด์‹ญ์‹œ์˜ค. | ![](../image/omsstream.jpg) |
| ์›ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์„ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†๋‹ค๋ฉด ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท์˜ ๋ชฉ์ ์€ ๋ฌด์—‡์ž…๋‹ˆ๊นŒ?์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋ฐฉ๋ฌธํ•˜๋Š” ๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์€ ์›น ํŽ˜์ด์ง€๋ฅผ๋กœ๋“œ ํ•  ์ˆ˜์—†๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ๋‹ค๋ฅธ ํŽ˜์ด์ง€๋ฅผ ์ฐพ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๋ฐฉ๋ฌธ์ž๋ฅผ ์ ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์ง€๋งŒ Cloudflare์˜ ๊ธฐ๋ณธ ๋ฐฉํ™”๋ฒฝ์€ ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ์„ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ• ๋งŒํผ ์—„๊ฒฉํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/omsdroid.jpg)<br>![](../image/omsappl.jpg) |
| ์ž๋ฐ” ์Šคํฌ๋ฆฝํŠธ์™€ ์ฟ ํ‚ค๋ฅผ ํ™œ์„ฑํ™”ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  ๋ณด์•ˆ ๋ฌธ์ž๋ฅผ ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•  ์ˆ˜์žˆ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์€ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋Š”์ด๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜์—ฌ ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๋ฅผ ์‹๋ณ„ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ธŒ๋ผ์šฐ์ € ์„œ๋ช…์„ ๋งŒ๋“ญ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋Š” ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ ํƒ์ƒ‰์„ ๊ณ„์†ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š”์ง€ ์—ฌ๋ถ€๋ฅผ ๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ๊ท€ํ•˜์˜ ์‹ ์›์„ ์•Œ์•„์•ผํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cferr1010bsig.jpg)<br>![](../image/omsredjs.jpg) |
| Tor ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž์™€ VPN ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๋„ Cloudflare์˜ ํ”ผํ•ด์ž์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๋‘ ์†”๋ฃจ์…˜ ๋ชจ๋‘ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€ / ํšŒ์‚ฌ / ๋„คํŠธ์›Œํฌ ์ •์ฑ…์œผ๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ๊ฒ€์—ด๋˜์ง€ ์•Š์€ ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท์„ ๊ฐ๋‹นํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๊ฐœ์ธ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ๋ณดํ˜ธํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์ถ”๊ฐ€ ๋ ˆ์ด์–ด๋ฅผ ์ถ”๊ฐ€ํ•˜๋ ค๋Š” ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋Š” ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์„ ๋ป”๋ป”ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๊ณต๊ฒฉํ•˜์—ฌ ํ”„๋ก์‹œ ์†”๋ฃจ์…˜์„ ๋„๋„๋ก ๊ฐ•์š”ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/banvpn2.jpg) |
| ์ž๋ฐ” ์Šคํฌ๋ฆฝํŠธ์™€ ์ฟ ํ‚ค๋ฅผ ํ™œ์„ฑํ™”ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ  ๋ณด์•ˆ ๋ฌธ์ž๋ฅผ ํ•ด๊ฒฐํ•  ์ˆ˜์žˆ๋Š” ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์€ ์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋Š”์ด๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜์—ฌ ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๋ฅผ ์‹๋ณ„ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ธŒ๋ผ์šฐ์ € ์„œ๋ช…์„ ๋งŒ๋“ญ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋Š” ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ ํƒ์ƒ‰์„ ๊ณ„์†ํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ๋Š”์ง€ ์—ฌ๋ถ€๋ฅผ ๊ฒฐ์ •ํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ๊ท€ํ•˜์˜ ์‹ ์›์„ ์•Œ์•„์•ผํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cferr1010bsig.jpg)<br>![](../image/omsredjs.jpg) |
| Tor ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž์™€ VPN ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๋„ Cloudflare์˜ ํ”ผํ•ด์ž์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๋‘ ์†”๋ฃจ์…˜ ๋ชจ๋‘ ๊ตญ๊ฐ€ / ํšŒ์‚ฌ / ๋„คํŠธ์›Œํฌ ์ •์ฑ…์œผ๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ๊ฒ€์—ด๋˜์ง€ ์•Š์€ ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท์„ ๊ฐ๋‹นํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์—†๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ๊ฐœ์ธ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ๋ณดํ˜ธํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ์ถ”๊ฐ€ ๋ ˆ์ด์–ด๋ฅผ ์ถ”๊ฐ€ํ•˜๋ ค๋Š” ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋Š” ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์„ ๋ป”๋ป”ํ•˜๊ฒŒ ๊ณต๊ฒฉํ•˜์—ฌ ํ”„๋ก์‹œ ์†”๋ฃจ์…˜์„ ๋„๋„๋ก ๊ฐ•์š”ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/banvpn2.jpg) |
| ์ง€๊ธˆ๊นŒ์ง€ Tor๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉ ํ•ด๋ณด์ง€ ์•Š์•˜๋‹ค๋ฉด Tor ๋ธŒ๋ผ์šฐ์ €๋ฅผ ๋‹ค์šด๋กœ๋“œํ•˜๊ณ  ์ข‹์•„ํ•˜๋Š” ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋ฐฉ๋ฌธํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ข‹์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์€ํ–‰ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ ๋˜๋Š” ์ •๋ถ€ ์›น ํŽ˜์ด์ง€์— ๋กœ๊ทธ์ธํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ด ์ข‹์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋ ‡์ง€ ์•Š์œผ๋ฉด ๊ณ„์ •์— ํ”Œ๋ž˜๊ทธ๊ฐ€ ์ง€์ •๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ํ•ด๋‹น ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์— VPN์„ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜์„ธ์š”. | ![](../image/banvpn.jpg) |
| โ€œํ† ๋ฅด๋Š” ๋ถˆ๋ฒ•์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค! Tor ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๋Š” ๋ฒ”์ฃ„์ž์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค! ํ† ๋ฅด๋Š” ๋‚˜์˜๋‹ค! ". ์•„๋‡จ.ํ…”๋ ˆ๋น„์ „์—์„œ Tor์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์•Œ๊ฒŒ๋˜์—ˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Tor๋Š” ๋‹คํฌ ๋„ท์„ ํƒ์ƒ‰ํ•˜๊ณ  ์ด, ๋งˆ์•ฝ ๋˜๋Š” ์Œ๋ž€๋ฌผ์„ ๊ฑฐ๋ž˜ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์œ„์˜ ์ง„์ˆ ์€ ๊ทธ๋Ÿฌํ•œ ํ•ญ๋ชฉ์„ ๊ตฌ์ž…ํ•  ์ˆ˜์žˆ๋Š” ์‹œ์žฅ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ๋‹ค๋Š” ์‚ฌ์‹ค์ด์ง€๋งŒ ์ด๋Ÿฌํ•œ ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋Š” ์ข…์ข… ํด๋ฆฌ์–ด ๋„ท์—๋„ ๋‚˜ํƒ€๋‚ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/whousetor.jpg) |
| Tor๋Š” ๋ฏธ๊ตฐ์—์„œ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœํ–ˆ์ง€๋งŒ ํ˜„์žฌ Tor๋Š” Tor ํ”„๋กœ์ ํŠธ์—์„œ ๊ฐœ๋ฐœํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๋ฏธ๋ž˜์˜ ์นœ๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ํฌํ•จํ•˜์—ฌ Tor๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ๋งŽ์€ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๊ณผ ์กฐ์ง์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๋”ฐ๋ผ์„œ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ์—์„œ Cloudflare๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ์‹ค์ œ ์ธ๊ฐ„์„ ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์ž ์žฌ์  ์ธ ์šฐ์ •๊ณผ ์‚ฌ์—… ๊ฑฐ๋ž˜๋ฅผ ์žƒ๊ฒŒ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/iusetor_alith.jpg) |
| ๋˜ํ•œ ๊ทธ๋“ค์˜ DNS ์„œ๋น„์Šค ์ธ 1.1.1.1์€ Cloudflare๊ฐ€ ์†Œ์œ  ํ•œ ๊ฐ€์งœ IP ์ฃผ์†Œ,โ€œ127.0.0.xโ€์™€ ๊ฐ™์€ ๋กœ์ปฌ ํ˜ธ์ŠคํŠธ IP๋ฅผ ๋ฐ˜ํ™˜ํ•˜๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ์•„๋ฌด๊ฒƒ๋„ ๋ฐ˜ํ™˜ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š์Œ์œผ๋กœ์จ ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๊ฐ€ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋ฐฉ๋ฌธํ•˜์ง€ ๋ชปํ•˜๋„๋ก ์ฐจ๋‹จํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cferr1016.jpg)<br>![](../image/cferr1016sp.jpg) |
| Cloudflare DNS๋Š” ๊ฐ€์งœ DNS ๋‹ต๋ณ€์œผ๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ์Šค๋งˆํŠธ ํฐ ์•ฑ์—์„œ ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ ๊ฒŒ์ž„์œผ๋กœ ์˜จ๋ผ์ธ ์†Œํ”„ํŠธ์›จ์–ด๋ฅผ ๋ถ„๋ฆฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare DNS๋Š” ์ผ๋ถ€ ์€ํ–‰ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ์ฟผ๋ฆฌ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ โ€‹โ€‹์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cfdnsprob.jpg)<br>![](../image/dnsfailtest.jpg) |
| Cloudflare DNS๋Š” ๊ฐ€์งœ DNS ๋‹ต๋ณ€์œผ๋กœ ์ธํ•ด ์Šค๋งˆํŠธ ํฐ ์•ฑ์—์„œ ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ ๊ฒŒ์ž„์œผ๋กœ ์˜จ๋ผ์ธ ์†Œํ”„ํŠธ์›จ์–ด๋ฅผ ๋ถ„๋ฆฌํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare DNS๋Š” ์ผ๋ถ€ ์€ํ–‰ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ์ฟผ๋ฆฌ ํ•  ์ˆ˜ โ€‹โ€‹์—†์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cfdnsprob.jpg)<br>![](../image/dnsfailtest.jpg) |
| ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ๊ณ  ์—ฌ๊ธฐ์„œ ๋‹น์‹ ์€ ์ƒ๊ฐํ•  ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.<br>Tor ๋˜๋Š” VPN์„ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๋Š”๋ฐ ์™œ ์‹ ๊ฒฝ ์จ์•ผํ•˜๋‚˜์š”?<br>Cloudflare ๋งˆ์ผ€ํŒ…์„ ์‹ ๋ขฐํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์™œ ๊ด€์‹ฌ์„ ๊ฐ€์ ธ์•ผํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ?<br>๋‚ด ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋Š” https์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/annoyed.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ๋ฅผ ๋ฐฉ๋ฌธํ•˜๋ฉด ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ ์†Œ์œ ์ž๋ฟ๋งŒ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ Cloudflare์—๊ฒŒ๋„ ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ ๊ณต์œ ํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์ด๊ฒƒ์ด ๋ฆฌ๋ฒ„์Šค ํ”„๋ก์‹œ๊ฐ€ ์ž‘๋™ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐฉ์‹์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/prism_gfe.jpg) |
| TLS ํŠธ๋ž˜ํ”ฝ์„ ํ•ด๋…ํ•˜์ง€ ์•Š๊ณ ๋Š” ๋ถ„์„์ด ๋ถˆ๊ฐ€๋Šฅํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/cfhelp204144518.jpg) |
@ -48,7 +48,7 @@
| Cloudflare ๋ฐ 3 ๊ธ€์ž ๋Œ€ํ–‰์‚ฌ์™€ ๋ฐ์ดํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ์ •๋ง๋กœ ๊ณต์œ ํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ถ์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? | ![](../image/cfstrengthdata.jpg) |
| ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž์˜ ์˜จ๋ผ์ธ ํ”„๋กœํ•„์€ ์ •๋ถ€์™€ ๋Œ€๊ธฐ์—…์ด ์‚ฌ๊ณ  ์‹ถ์–ดํ•˜๋Š” "์ œํ’ˆ"์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/federalinterest.jpg) |
| ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ๊ตญํ†  ์•ˆ๋ณด๋ถ€๋Š” ๋งํ–ˆ๋‹ค:<br><br>๋ณด์œ ํ•œ ๋ฐ์ดํ„ฐ๊ฐ€ ์–ผ๋งˆ๋‚˜ ๊ฐ€์น˜๊ฐ€ ์žˆ๋Š”์ง€ ์•„์‹ญ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? ๊ทธ ๋ฐ์ดํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ์—๊ฒŒ ํŒ๋งค ํ•  ๋ฐฉ๋ฒ•์ด ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๊นŒ? | ![](../image/dhssaid.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” "Cloudflare Warp"๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฌด๋ฃŒ VPN ์„œ๋น„์Šค๋„ ์ œ๊ณตํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์ด๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋ฉด ๋ชจ๋“  ์Šค๋งˆํŠธ ํฐ (๋˜๋Š” ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ) ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ์ด Cloudflare ์„œ๋ฒ„๋กœ ์ „์†ก๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.Cloudflare๋Š” ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๊ฐ€ ์ฝ์€ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, ๊ฒŒ์‹œ ํ•œ ๋Œ“๊ธ€, ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ์™€ ๋Œ€ํ™”ํ–ˆ๋Š”์ง€ ๋“ฑ์„ ์•Œ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๊ท€ํ•˜๋Š” ์ž๋ฐœ์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ Cloudflare์— ์ œ๊ณตํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.โ€œ๋†๋‹ด์ด์—์š”? Cloudflare๋Š” ์•ˆ์ „ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. " ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ ๋‹ค์Œ VPN ์ž‘๋™ ๋ฐฉ์‹์„ ๋ฐฐ์›Œ์•ผํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/howvpnwork.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” "Cloudflare Warp"๋ผ๋Š” ๋ฌด๋ฃŒ VPN ์„œ๋น„์Šค๋„ ์ œ๊ณตํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.์ด๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜๋ฉด ๋ชจ๋“  ์Šค๋งˆํŠธ ํฐ (๋˜๋Š” ์ปดํ“จํ„ฐ) ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ์ด Cloudflare ์„œ๋ฒ„๋กœ ์ „์†ก๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. Cloudflare๋Š” ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž๊ฐ€ ์ฝ์€ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, ๊ฒŒ์‹œ ํ•œ ๋Œ“๊ธ€, ๋ˆ„๊ตฌ์™€ ๋Œ€ํ™”ํ–ˆ๋Š”์ง€ ๋“ฑ์„ ์•Œ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๊ท€ํ•˜๋Š” ์ž๋ฐœ์ ์œผ๋กœ ๋ชจ๋“  ์ •๋ณด๋ฅผ Cloudflare์— ์ œ๊ณตํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.โ€œ๋†๋‹ด์ด์—์š”? Cloudflare๋Š” ์•ˆ์ „ํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. " ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ ๋‹ค์Œ VPN ์ž‘๋™ ๋ฐฉ์‹์„ ๋ฐฐ์›Œ์•ผํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/howvpnwork.jpg) |
| Cloudflare๋Š” VPN ์„œ๋น„์Šค๊ฐ€ ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท์„ ๋น ๋ฅด๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๋งํ–ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๊ทธ๋Ÿฌ๋‚˜ VPN์€ ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ์„ ๊ธฐ์กด ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋Š๋ฆฌ๊ฒŒ ๋งŒ๋“ญ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/notfastervpn.jpg) |
| PRISM ์Šค์บ”๋“ค์— ๋Œ€ํ•ด ์ด๋ฏธ ์•Œ๊ณ ์žˆ์„ ๊ฒƒ์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.AT & T๊ฐ€ NSA๊ฐ€ ๊ฐ์‹œ๋ฅผ ์œ„ํ•ด ๋ชจ๋“  ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท ๋ฐ์ดํ„ฐ๋ฅผ ๋ณต์‚ฌํ•˜๋„๋ก ํ—ˆ์šฉํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฒƒ์€ ์‚ฌ์‹ค์ž…๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/prismattnsa.jpg) |
| NSA์—์„œ ์ผํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ๋ชจ๋“  ์‹œ๋ฏผ์˜ ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท ํ”„๋กœํ•„์„ ์›ํ•œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ๊ฐ€์ • ํ•ด ๋ณด๊ฒ ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค.๋Œ€๋ถ€๋ถ„์˜ ์‚ฌ๋žŒ๋“ค์ด Cloudflare๋ฅผ ๋งน๋ชฉ์ ์œผ๋กœ ์‹ ๋ขฐํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉฐ ํ•˜๋‚˜์˜ ์ค‘์•™ ์ง‘์ค‘์‹ ๊ฒŒ์ดํŠธ์›จ์ด ๋งŒ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜์—ฌ ํšŒ์‚ฌ ์„œ๋ฒ„ ์—ฐ๊ฒฐ (SSH / RDP), ๊ฐœ์ธ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, ์ฑ„ํŒ… ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, ํฌ๋Ÿผ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, ์€ํ–‰ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, ๋ณดํ—˜ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, ๊ฒ€์ƒ‰ ์—”์ง„, ๋น„๋ฐ€ ํšŒ์›์„ ํ”„๋ก์‹œํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. -์ „์šฉ ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, ๊ฒฝ๋งค ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, ์‡ผํ•‘, ๋น„๋””์˜ค ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ, NSFW ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ ๋ฐ ๋ถˆ๋ฒ• ์›น ์‚ฌ์ดํŠธ.๋˜ํ•œ Cloudflare์˜ DNS ์„œ๋น„์Šค ( "1.1.1.1") ๋ฐ VPN ์„œ๋น„์Šค ( "Cloudflare Warp")๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉํ•˜์—ฌ "Secure! ๋” ๋นจ๋ฆฌ! ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋‚˜์€!" ์ธํ„ฐ๋„ท ๊ฒฝํ—˜.์ด๋ฅผ ์‚ฌ์šฉ์ž์˜ IP ์ฃผ์†Œ, ๋ธŒ๋ผ์šฐ์ € ์ง€๋ฌธ, ์ฟ ํ‚ค ๋ฐ RAY-ID์™€ ๊ฒฐํ•ฉํ•˜๋ฉด ๋Œ€์ƒ์˜ ์˜จ๋ผ์ธ ํ”„๋กœํ•„์„ ๊ตฌ์ถ•ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ ์œ ์šฉํ•ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. | ![](../image/edw_snow.jpg)<br>![](../image/peopledonotthink.jpg) |
@ -99,7 +99,7 @@
* [๋งˆ์ง€๋ง‰ ๋ณด๊ด€ ํ‹ฐ์ผ“ 24351.](https://web.archive.org/web/20200301013104/https://trac.torproject.org/projects/tor/ticket/24351)
* [Cloudflare Watch](http://www.crimeflare.org:82/)
* [Criticism and controversies](https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cloudflare#Criticism_and_controversies), Wikipedia
* [CloudFlare rap sheet](../subfiles/rapsheet.cloudflare.md)
* [CloudFlare rap sheet](../subfiles/rapsheet. Cloudflare.md)
![](../image/watcloudflare.jpg)

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